WHO ICF as an Assessment Tool For Evaluation of Selfcare Activities of the Child With Cerebral Palsy


  • Mery Avetisyan Yerevan special school for children with mobility disorders N17




Cerebral Palsy, Occupational therapy, assessment, self-care, lifestyle/living, children with Cerebral Palsy


The study was conducted in two stages. At the first stage, quantitative methods were chosen as methodologies, since the object that is studied by this method is a quantitative unit, which in the future allows to draw conclusions, based on the results, using certain numerical models to develop or confirm new hypotheses, or/and refute existing ones. At the second stage, a qualitative study was conducted on the basis of the results of the first stage, accordingly developing recommendations on ergotherapy for each code issue.

According to the study results, in today's Armenia, it is possible to issue all the problems that children with Cerebral Palsy face in self-care and life by using certain assessing tools of occupational therapy. In this case, the study shows that the evaluation of the World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning and Disability, Children and Youth (2008) allows to observe and issue the existing problems of this sphere in a more accurate and comprehensive way․ It also provides an objective basis for identifying the problems in the field of children's self-service and life, which, in its turn, allows the occupational therapist to conduct a detailed assessment to find out which self-service actions are available to the child, to what extent the child’s actions and personal roles are compatible with the current state of the disease, and to what extent the actions correspond to their age.

Author Biography

Mery Avetisyan, Yerevan special school for children with mobility disorders N17

MA OT, Occupational therapist

Yerevan special school for children with mobility disorders N17, Armenia


Batisheva, T., T. (2016). Lecheniye I reabilitaciq detey so spasticheskimi formami cerebralnogo paralicha, Metodicheskie rekomendacii N26, Departament zdravokhraneniya goroda Moskvi.

Blesedell, Е. C., Cohn E.S, Boyt Schell B., (2009) “Willard and Spackman's Occupational Therapy”, 111-115, 267-274, 321-32.

Bottari, C., Swaine, B. & Dutil, E. (2007). Interpreting activity of daily living errors for treatment and discharge planning: The perception of occupational therapists. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation.

Brentnall, J. & Bundy, A. C. (2009). The concept of reliability in the context of observational assessments. OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health, 29, 63-71.

Christiansen, Ch., H. C., & Baum, M., Haugen, J., B. (2005) Occupational Therapy: Performance, Participation, and Well-Being.

Harutyunyan, M., Ghazaryan, T., Malkhasyan, A., Avetisyan, M., Meliqyan, N., Avagyan, A., Harutyunyan, L. (2018). A toolkit for assessing the activity performance, participation, and environmental factors of children aged 2 to 18 years with disabilities based on WHO ICF, Full Life NGO, and Unicef, Yerevan.

International classification of functioning, disability, and health, World Health Organization: ICF (2008), 1 Lrg edition, 228p.

Mills, A. J., Durepos, G., and Wiebe, E. (2010). Encyclopedia of case study research. London: British Journal of Occupational Therapy, March 2003.

RA Government Decision No. 780-N as of 13.06.2003 “On Approving the Standards for Medical-Social Expertise”.

Rocke, K., Hays, P., Edwards, D., & Berg, C. (2008). Development of a performance assessment of executive function: The Children’s Kitchen Task Assessment. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 62, 528–537.

Semyonova, V., E., Klochkova, V., E., Korshikova-Morozova, A., Trukhachova A., V., Zablockis, E. (2018), Reabiliciya detey s DCP: obzor sovremennikh podhodov v pomosh reabilitacionnim centram.

Sturman, A. (1997). Case study methods. In: J. P. Keeves (ed.). Educational research, methodology, and measurement: an international handbook (2nd ed.). Oxford: Pergamon, pp. 61–66.



How to Cite

Avetisyan, M. (2021). WHO ICF as an Assessment Tool For Evaluation of Selfcare Activities of the Child With Cerebral Palsy. Armenian Journal of Special Education, 3(1), 49-65. https://doi.org/10.24234/se.2021.3.1.259